Who are the Banks & Investors behind the Global Coal Plant Pipeline?

Despite global consensus about the need for a timely coal phase-out, new coal plants are still being planned or developed in 60 countries around the world. If built, these projects would add over 570 GW to the global coal plant fleet, an increase of 28%. Based on findings of the Global Energy Monitor, the 2019 GCEL identifies 258 Coal Plant Developers, with expansion plans of at least 300 MW. Over half of these companies are not traditional coal-based utilities, and are therefore often missed by financial institutions’ coal exclusion policies.

Together with our partners, Banktrack, Les Amis de la Terre, Re:common and RAN, Urgewald commissioned financial research by the Dutch research institute Profundo to identify the main financiers and investors of these Coal Plant Developers.

We found 505 global banks provided US$ 745 billion for expanding coal power companies through loans or underwriting services from 2017 – Q3 2019. And as of September 2019, 1922 investors are holding bonds and shares worth almost US$ 276 billion in coal plant developers.

Please browse the data below and find more information in our media briefing. A list of all Coal Plant Developers is available for download after login!

Detailed Methodology


Choose Bank

BNP Paribas

Company Sort descending Country of HQ Underwriting (Mio $) Loans (Mio $) Grand Total (Mio $)
Adaro Energy Indonesia 75.00 75.00
AES Corporation United States 51.25 19.00 70.00
Beijing Energy Holding China 10.00 10.19
Energa Poland 158.60 158.60
First Quantum Minerals Canada 400.48 1,272.00 1,672.28
Fortum Oyj Finland 708.75 2,225.00 2,933.48
Indonesia Asahan Aluminium Indonesia 1,333.33 1,333.33
Itochu Corporation Japan 59.00 59.17
Kansai Electric Power Co (Kepco) Japan 30.82 30.82
Korea Electric Power (KEPCO) Indonesia 600.37 600.37
Larsen & Toubro India 50.00 50.00
Marubeni Corporation Japan 65.00 65.40
PLN (Persero) Indonesia 233.33 66.00 299.12
POSCO South Korea 250.00 250.00
Power Finance Corporation India 64.29 64.29
Reservoir Capital Group United States 278.14 58.00 336.27
State Power Investment Corporation (SPIC) China 40.00 40.00
Sumitomo Corporation Japan 20.83 20.83
Uniper Germany 215.00 214.51
United Tractors Indonesia 53.00 52.50
Vale Brazil 70.00 70.00
Wintime Holding Group China 417.00 417.00

TOTAL (in US$ million)

Loans: 4.275,97
Underwritings: 4.547,19
Grandtotal: 8.823,15